Marijuana Ballot Initiatives
Photo credit: BUKHTA

While much attention has been paid to the 2022 election results for various gubernatorial and legislative races, voters across the country also decided on many ballot initiatives. Notably, there were numerous marijuana ballot initiatives, some successful and others failing.


Voters in Maryland overwhelmingly approved Question 4, the Marijuana Legalization Amendment. The amendment’s passage clears the way for the state to legalize the use of cannabis for those over the age of 21 years on or after July 1, 2023. Starting July 1, 2023, adults may legally possess up to 1.5 ounces of marijuana and may grow two cannabis plants at home. 65.55% voted in favor, while 34.45% opposed the amendment.


Like Maryland, voters in Missouri approved a marijuana ballot initiative, albeit by a smaller margin. The ballot initiative legalizes marijuana for adult-use (21 years and older), sets a 6% sales tax on marijuana sales, and expunges arrest and conviction records for non-violent cannabis offenses except for DUIs and sales to minors. 53.11% voted ‘yes’ on the amendment, while 46.89% voted ‘no.’

Arkansas & Both Dakotas Vote ‘No’ on Marijuana Ballot Initiatives

In 2022, Arkansas voters had four measures on their ballots, including Issue 4 to legalize cannabis. Voters disapproved of the measure, which would have legalized the possession and use of cannabis for those over the age of 21 and authorized the commercial sale of cannabis, by a vote of 56% to 44%.

Voters in North Dakota voted down Measure 2, the Marijuana Legalization Initiative, 54.95%–45.05%. The initiative would have legalized the possession and use of cannabis for those 21 and older.

In South Dakota, voters similarly voted down Measure 27, which would have also legalized the possession and use of marijuana for those over the age of 21. 53% disapproved of the measure, while 47% approved.